Pastoriza shrine

43º 20' 6''  8º 28' 4'' W            map

Located in Pastoriza parish, it is accessed from Arteixo via AC- 415 towards A Coruña.

Santa María church makes up the “Sanctuary of the Virgin of Pastoriza”. While it has a Romanesque origin, nowadays this church is Baroque from the 17th C, with a single nave and a chancel in the shape of a semi-circular Romanesque apse. It houses an image of the virgin dating from the 13th C.

It is without a doubt one of the jewels of the religious art in Arteixo. 

The origin of the temple and devotion to the Virgin of Pastoriza is shrouded in a multitude of legends and ancient traditions like those collected in the short book “The Legend of the Virgin of Pastoriza”, written by the renowned author Emilia Pardo Bazán and published in A Coruña in 1887.

“As a good woman from A Coruña I have always offered my affection and devotion to the Virgin of the sea, about whom I have heard a thousand prodigious stories told by unassuming people since I was a child,” wrote the Countess Pardo Bazán.

Nowadays there are hundreds of pilgrims who continue to offer their affection and devotion to the Virgin, going on pilgrimages especially on 29th September for the pilgrimage of San Miguel, and continuing every Sunday in October.

There is a path from Pastoriza church to Monte do Cruceiro where you can see an icon, the “birthplace of the Virgin” and a pile of rocks where the Immaculate had bowed down.

The pilgrims go round the rocks three times, then pass below them and kiss the image of the Saint. This place has splendid views and legends such as that of the “King's throne”, a stone that looks like a hip in which it is said that the Suebic king Rechiario sat to contemplate Suevos, his town.

Church of San Tirso de Oseiro

43º 19' 23'' N   8º 29' 23'' W       map

Accessed from Seixedo roundabout, taking the exit for Oseiro. In Oseiro there is a signpost of the left.

This church was built between 1161 and 1164, and is a clear example of the Romanesque architecture in Arteixo. Its nave is covered with a gable roof and it has a rectangular apse with a semicircular barrel vault. It was uncommonly built on three levels. There is a noteworthy rose-window in its façade surrounded by especially beautiful mouldings and semicircular arches. 

Church of Santa María de Lañas

43º 17' 41'' N  8º 31' 16'' W      map

Accessed from Arteixo along AC-552 towards Carballo.
This is an example of the Romanesque style from the 12th C and beginning of the 13th C. It has only one nave with a rectangular apse. It has a pointed triumphal arch over leaning semi-columns, and both the main façade and the south wall have semicircular archivolts over wreathed columns. The apse is covered by a pointed vaulted ceiling.

Church of Santo Estevo de Morás

43º 17' 56'' N  8º 28' 23'' W         map

This parish church in the village of the same name, Santo Estevo de Morás, is in the valley of Loureda, away from the daily hustle and bustle. It is an ideal place to retreat and take long walks along its paths. The little published information available about this church dates back to 1141. 

It has a single nave with a rectangular apse with joined  buttresses in two semicircular arches. Entrance to the presbytery is through a pointed triumphal arch resting on leaning semi-columns. It has an interesting and varied collection of modillions . It underwent considerable modifications in the 18th C, thanks to which it could recover its beauty and singularity.

Church of Santo Tomé de Monteagudo

43º 17' 3'' N  8º 34' 37'' W       map

It is located in the small rural village today known as “O Igrexario”, a privileged, sheltered area on the hiking route of Sisalde which offers access to the same.

This building is a significant example of late Romanesque architecture from the end of the 12th C. It was founded by a Benedictine community; this explains the absence of decoration and the purity of the classic Romanesque lines. Today it is a working parish church. It used to belong to Santa María de Cambre priory. The Roman road that crossed Arteixo borough passed nearby.

It has a gabled roof and a basilica floor plan with three naves and three semicircular apses where simple round arch windows (which can be opened) were added to rectangular sections. The main door is modern while the door located in the North wall (with a semicircular arch) has been bricked up; the one on the south has a semicircular toric archivolt on one column on each side. The entering arches into the three apses are pointed on three leaning semi-columns, but those behind them are round arches. The sections are covered by pointed barrel vaults, the saucer shapes at the end of the apses are coul-de-four style vaults. At the back the three apses show narrow windows with horseshoe arched balistraria. On the outside, the main apse is divided in three openings by leaning semi-columns, offering a beautiful projection of small semicircular arches on cantilevers. There are buttresses in the walls and an intriguing and precious collection of modillions.

 Church of Santaia de Chamín

43º 17' 36'' N   8º 33' 57'' W       map

This church is an example of a Romanesque rural church with subsequent reconstructions. Its façade has archivolts and a tympanum with a cross. A Roman road went through its surroundings, continuing towards Sisalde and other locations.

Church of Santa María de Loureda

43º 17' 36'' N  8º 29' 17''W       map

Last but not least, the borough of Arteixo also has the church of Santa María de Loureda.

This church was originally built in a Romanesque style, but it suffered a transformation where you can clearly observe the neoclassical style on the outside such as its partially triangular shape façade. Only the apse is Romanesque, and vaulted in granite with two pointed arches. Light shines through an original rose window on the triumphal arch in the nave's headwall. Inside there is a magnificent altarpiece in the main altar, a work of art by José Ferreiro and the painter Ladeira (18th C).

The religious heritage of Arteixo is undoubtedly one of the best ways to enjoy the area and to gain a deep understanding of its traditions and customs.

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